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 Decade   Within Phi Delta Chi               
  Within American Pharmacy  
         

Pre-1880s

 

 

1820:

First United States Pharmacopeial Convention

 

 

 

1821:

Philadelphia College of Apothecaries forms first US college of pharmacy

 

 

 

1852:

American Pharmaceutical Association

 

 

 

1867:

First state pharmacist association, in Maine

 

 

 

1868:

U Michigan begins 2-year program for pharmacists

 

 

 

1870:

Conference of Teaching Colleges of Pharmacy (now AACP)

 

 

 

1876:

U Michigan College of Pharmacy

 

 

 

 

 

1880s

 

 

1881:

Proprietary Association

 

1883:

Phi Chi Fraternity founded at U Michigan College of Pharmacy, the first pharmacy fraternity in the world. Arthur Hopper elected president for evening. Scientific paper read that first meeting

1883-

87:

National Retail Druggists Association

 

 

1887:

Phi Chi, the scientific society, transformed itself into a Fraternity, with "signs, grips, and words"

 

 

 

 

 

1888:

National Formulary

 

1889:

First issue of The Communicator

1889:

Beta Phi Sigma founded at U Buffalo (second pharmacy fraternity)

 

 

 

 

 

1890s

1895:

New Constitution permits chartering Chapters at other colleges of pharmacy. Authority shifts from Alpha Chapter to Grand Council once four Chapters formed

 

 

 

1896 Jan:

Beta Chapter chartered at Northwestern U

 

 

 

 

 

1898:

National Association of Retail Druggists (since 1996, National Community Pharmacists Association)

 

 

 

1898:

Kappa Psi literary society adds first chapter at pharmacy college (Gamma Chapter at Columbia U)

 

1899 Spring:

Gamma Chapter chartered at the New York College of Pharmacy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1900s

1900 Feb:

Delta Chapter chartered at U Wisconsin

1900:

American Conference of Pharmaceutical Faculties (since 1925, AACP)

 

1900 Apr:

First Grand Council held in Chicago

 

 

 

 

1902:

Zeta and Eta Chapters chartered, so Chapters stretch from coast to coast

1902:

Biologics Control Act

 

 

 

1904:

National Association of Boards of Pharmacy

 

1906-

07:

Eli Lilly edits The Communicator

1906:

Federal Food and Drug Act (adulteration & misbranding)

 

 

 

1907:

AACP adopts 2-year minimum standard to attain Graduate in Pharmacy (PhG) degree

 

1909:

Phi Chi's name changed to Phi Delta Chi to avoid conflict with medical fraternity named Phi Chi that predated us

 

 

 

1900s:

11 new Chapters chartered

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1910s

1910:

Grand Council authorizes formation of Executive Council (first meeting 1914)

 

 

 

 

 

1912:

Fédération Internationale Pharmaceutique (FIP)

 

 

 

1913:

Lambda Kappa Sigma founded at Massachusetts College of Pharmacy

 

 

 

1914:

Harrison Narcotic Act (restrictions on opium and coca)

 

1917, Jun:

America enters World War I. College campuses transformed into military training camps. National campaign against venereal disease to stop infection and create wholesome moral atmosphere

 

 

 

1919:

Campuses repopulated as men return from military service.

1919:

Rho Pi Phi founded at Boston College of Pharmacy

 

1910s:

Nine new Chapters chartered

1919:

Alpha Zeta Omega founded at Philadelphia College of Pharmacy

 

 

 

 

 

1920s

1920:

Prohibition begins, officially endorsed by the Fraternity, private compliance less likely

 

 

 

1920:

Grand Secretary Everett Cain runs off with Fraternity's money and books (probably a few hundred dollars)

 

 

 

 

 

1921:

Kappa Epsilon founded at U Iowa

 

1922:

Rho Chi Society founded at U Michigan, with substantial assistance of Alpha Chapter. The organization began as the Aristolochites. Phi Dex Brothers were Rho Chi's first president, VP, and treasurer

1922:

Rho Chi Society (with Alpha leadership)

 

 

1923:

Alpha Alpha Chapter starts second series of chapter names in Cleveland

 

 

 

1923:

First Prescott Scholarship Cup awarded to Phi Chapter

 

 

 

 

 

1925:

AACP adopts 3-year minimum standard to attain Pharmaceutical Chemist (PhC) degree

 

 

 

1927:

Food & Drug Administration (under Department of Agriculture)

 

 

 

1928:

Professional Interfraternity Conference. Phi Delta Chi was only pharmacy fraternity among charter members

 

1929:

Great Depression begins, draining campus resources

 

 

 

1920s:

Era of religious discrimination by Fraternity against Catholics, Jews, and other non-Christians, as well as non-whites

 

 

 

1920s:

11 new Chapters chartered

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1930s

 

 

1930:

Bureau of Narcotics

 

 

 

1931:

APhA bylaws amended to authorize student branch

 

 

 

1932:

AACP adopts 4-year minimum standard to attain BS in Pharmacy degree

 

 

 

1933:

National Association of Chain Drug Stores

 

 

 

1934:

APhA headquarters building opens in Washington, DC

 

1936:

First Window Display Award presented to Zeta Chapter

 

 

 

 

 

1937:

Marihuana Tax Act

 

1930s to 1940s:

Prolonged concerns about proportion of chemistry majors to admit

1938:

Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (safety, Rx legend)

 

1930s:

2 new Chapters chartered

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1940s

1940s:

America enters World War II, college campuses again serve as training camps. Only four Chapters initiated Brothers continuously through WWII. As service project, Brothers gathered cinchona bark to obtain quinine to treat malaria

1940:

American College of Apothecaries

 

 

 

1941:

American Institute of History of Pharmacy

 

 

 

 

1942:

American Society of Hospital Pharmacists (since 1995, American Society of Health-system Pharmacists)

 

 

 

1944:

Public Health Service Act for biological products

 

1947:

Massive reopening of campuses, aided by GI Bill

 

 

 

 

 

1948:

World Health Organization

 

1949:

Unusual mail ballot of Chapters to amend constitution to prohibit discrimination on basis of race or religion

 

 

 

1940s:

3 new Chapters chartered

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1950s

1950:

Membership criteria restricted to pharmacy, not chemistry

 

1950:

AACP debates 6-year minimum standard. U Southern California adopts 6-year program for PharmD degree

 

1950:

Initiation of 10,000th Brother

 

 

 

 

 

1951:

Durham-Humphrey Amendment (prescription status)

 

 

 

1954:

APhA Student Section authorized to send delegate to House of Delegates

 

1955:

Achievement Award Program adopted by Grand Council. First winner: Eta Chapter in 1956

 

 

 

1956:

Executive Director Rand Hollenback adopts slogan "Leaders in Pharmacy" on fraternity stationery.

 

 

 

 

1958:

Beta Alpha Chapter starts third series of chapter names in New York City

1958:

Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association (roots in 1907)

 

1950s:

14 new Chapters chartered

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1960s

 

 

1960:

AACP adopts 5-year minimum standard to attain BS in Pharmacy degree

 

 

 

1961:

First national poison prevention week

 

 

 

1962:

Kefauver-Harris Amendment (safety & efficacy)

 

1965:

Chi Brothers help found Phi Lambda Sigma Pharmacy Leadership Society at Auburn U

1965:

Phi Lambda Sigma Pharmacy Leadership Society (with Chi leadership)

 

1967:

Initiation of 20,000th Brother

 

 

 

 

 

1968:

Bureau of Narcotics renamed Bureau of Narcotics & Dangerous Drugs (BNDD)

 

1960s:

5 new Chapters chartered

1969:

APhA Student Section renamed Student APhA

 

 

 

 

 

1970s

 

 

1970:

Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act (Controlled Substance Act)

 

 

 

1970:

National licensure examination adopted by NABP

 

 

 

1972:

NIH Division of Biological Standards transferred to FDA as Bureau of Biologics.

 

1973:

Thurston Grand President's Cup first awarded, to Beta Beta Chapter

1973:

BNDD becomes Drug Enforcement Administration

 

1974:

Professional & Service Projects Award (Beta Gamma), Chapter Publication Award (Beta Beta) first presented

 

 

 

1975:

Fight over Title IX to Education Act, requiring admission of women into non-social fraternities and sororities

 

 

 

1976:

Executive Council calls for all Chapters to comply with the law (Title IX). First female Brothers initiated.

1976:

Board of Pharmaceutical Specialties

 

 

1976:

Brotherhood Award first presented to Alpha Phi Chapter

1976:

Medical Device Amendment to FDC Act

 

1970s:

no new Chapters chartered

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1980s

1983:

Initiation of 30,000th Brother

1983:

Orphan Drug Act

 

1983:

Centennial marker placed in College of Pharmacy in Ann Arbor

 

 

 

1985:

First Outstanding Alumni Chapter Award presented to Delta Chapter

 

 

 

 

 

1986:

American Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences

 

1987:

First Prescott Pharmacy Leadership Award presented to Walt Fitzgerald

1987:

Student APhA renamed Academy of Students of Pharmacy

 

1989:

First Leader Development Seminar (LDS), during 57th Grand Council (Monterey) 1989: Executive Council adopts Chapter Excellence and Quality (ChEQ) Program

1989:

AACP adopts 6-year minimum standard to attain PharmD degree, as sole entry-level degree; colleges allowed extended period to adopt

 

1980s:

3 new Chapters chartered

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1990s

1990:

Second Leader Development Seminar in Chapel Hill, NC, first stand-alone leadership conference

1990:

OBRA '90 mandates patient counseling by pharmacists for Medicaid patients.

 

 

1996:

First Leadership Cup presented to Theta Chapter

1996:

NARD renamed National Community Pharmacists Association

 

1996:

Phi Delta Chi's Pharmacy Leadership & Education Institute (PLEI) incorporated

1996:

APhA offers first certificate program in Pharmacy-Based Immunization Delivery in Jackson, MS

 

 

 

1996:

Project ImPACT: Hyperlipidemia starts

 

1997:

Initiation of 40,000th Brother

1997:

Asheville Project starts

 

1990s:

7 new Chapters chartered

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2000s

 

 

2002:

APhA renamed American Pharmacists Association

 

2005:

Saroyan donation opens PLEI’s Saroyan Leadership Challenge Fund

 

 

 

2007:

Gamma Alpha Chapter starts fourth series of chapter names in Albuquerque

 

New colleges of pharmacy proliferate across USA

 

2009:

Initiation of 50,000th Brother

 

 

 

2000s:

14 new Chapters chartered

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2010s

 

Achievement Award Program progressively migrates to an all-electronic format.

 

 

 

 

 

2010:

Project IMPACT: Diabetes starts

 

2015:

Delta Alpha Chapter starts fifth series of chapter names in Huntington

 

 

 

2015:

Initiation of 60,000th Brother

 

 

 

2010s:

18+ new Chapters chartered

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2020s

 

What's next for Phi Delta Chi?

 

What's next for the profession of pharmacy?

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